A colposcope is a medical instrument used to examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva. It is a type of microscope that magnifies the tissue so that the healthcare provider can see any abnormalities or changes in the cells that may indicate a precancerous or cancerous condition.
During a colposcopy, the healthcare provider inserts the colposcope into the vagina and uses it to examine the tissue of the cervix and surrounding area. They may also take a small sample of tissue for biopsy if they notice any abnormal areas. A colposcopy is typically performed if a woman has an abnormal Pap smear, genital warts, or other symptoms that may indicate a problem with the cervix or surrounding tissues.
Colposcopes can be used in combination with other tools, such as acetic acid (vinegar) and a special light, to highlight abnormal tissue and make it easier to see. The procedure is usually performed in a doctor’s office or clinic and typically takes about 15-20 minutes.
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